A summary of changes has been published by the UK Government. In line with the 2007 edition, the 2011 edition consists of five core publications – Service Strategy, Service Design, Service Transition, Service Operation, and Continual Service Improvement. ITIL 2011 is an update to the ITIL framework that addresses significant additional guidance with the definition of formal processes which were previously implied but not identified, as well as correction of errors and inconsistencies.

If you’re taking the ITIL Foundation certification exam, you’re likely at a point in your career where you’ve had hands-on experience with the ITIL framework in an organizational setting. That knowledge will help you during the exam, since “many of the questions on the exam can be answered correctly just by applying the common-sense logic you already possess,” says Smiley.


Be aware that ITIL uses a credit system for the Foundation through Expert levels, in which each certification earns a certain number of credits. Ultimately, a total of 22 credits is required to achieve ITIL Expert certification. (The ITIL Master has its own set of requirements, which you'll read about shortly). The following graphic shows the structure of that certification scheme and its corresponding credits.
Are you planning to buy an ITIL Study Guide? If you have not factored the cost of an ITIL course, you may want to do self-study using a study guide. For ITIL 4 Foundation, attending ITIL training is not mandatory. Hence, add the cost related to self-study to the ITIL certification cost. A popular paperback edition may cost you over $30 while again a soft copy may bring down your ITIL Certification Cost.
The Business Process Framework (eTOM) published by the TeleManagement Forum offers a framework aimed at telecommunications service providers. In a joined effort, TM Forum and itSMF developed an Application Note to eTOM (GB921) that shows how the two frameworks can be mapped to each other. It addresses how eTom process elements and flows can be used to support the processes identified in ITIL.[41][42]
From hands-on, instructor-led live online ITIL Certification training for individual employees to private online or on-site group training, we provide the best option for your company. Our online ITIL Certification classes are task-based and focus on real-world scenarios and challenges students face in their day to day environments. The online ITIL Certification Training that we offer is a great way to quickly build upon the necessary skills within the privacy of your own home or office. If you are looking for local ITIL Certification courses, you can check one of our many computer labs around the United States. Each ITIL course we offer provides the training a person will need to understand and use the program. The online ITIL classes give an advantage in many fields of employment in today’s advanced technological age.
Since the early 1990s, EXIN and ISEB had been setting up the ITIL based certification program, developing and providing ITIL exams at three different levels: Foundation, Practitioner and Manager. EXIN[50] and BCS/ISEB[51] (the British Computer Society) had from that time onwards been the only two examination providers in the world to develop formally acknowledged ITIL certifications, provide ITIL exams and accredit ITIL training providers worldwide. These rights were obtained from OGC, the British government institution and owner of the ITIL trademark.[citation needed] OGC signed over the management of the ITIL trademark and the accreditation of examination providers to APM Group in 2006. Now, after signing a contract with EXIN,[50] BCS/ISEB, Loyalist Certification Services [1], PeopleCert Group and other certification bodies, APM Group has accredited them as official examination bodies, to offer ITIL exams and accredit ITIL training providers.[citation needed]
Problem management aims to resolve the root causes of incidents and thus to minimize the adverse impact of incidents caused by errors within the IT infrastructure, and to prevent recurrence of incidents related to these errors. A "problem" in this context is the unknown underlying cause of one or more incidents, and a 'known error' is a problem that is successfully diagnosed and for which either a work-around or a permanent resolution has been identified. The CCTA (Central Computer and Telecommunications Agency) defines problems and known errors as follows:
ITIL certification is split into five stages, namely foundation, practitioner, intermediate, expert and master levels. Each of these levels has different requirements for appearing, clearing and is awarded a specific set of credits. For instance, one needs to have a total of 22 credits to be certified as an expert. Apart from these, there are complementary certifications that help you reach the expert level faster. Here’s an overview of the various levels and credits. 
Master: the ultimate ITIL certification, a candidate must demonstrate ITIL mastery by completing Expert certification (22 credits minimum), demonstrating minimum 5 years’ experience in a management or leadership role, submitting a proposal for ITIL service improvement, submitting a work package wherein the candidate successfully applied ITIL practices to a real-world business case, and completing an interview with an ITIL assessment panel.

The ITIL Practitioner is considered the next step in the ITIL progression after achieving the ITIL Foundation (which is a prerequisite). It emphasizes the ability to adopt, adapt and apply ITIL concepts in an organization. Although the Practitioner certification is not required for upper-level ITIL credentials, achieving Practitioner certification provides three credits toward ITIL Expert certification. You can prepare for the Practitioner exam through self-study, in-person classroom learning or online and distance learning options. The Practitioner exam is 40 multiple-choice questions and requires a minimum score of 70 percent, or 28 correct answers,  to pass.
ITIL Intermediate (Lifecycle Stream): Addresses aspects of ITIL from a holistic, lifecycle perspective. Lifecycle may be more suited to those with managerial responsibility looking at the overall IT Service Management picture. The Service Strategy course in particular is very much rooted in the broader corporate strategy and governance environment.
It has never been easier to sign up for and receive ITIL certification Dallas. First, before receiving you ITIL certification Dallas, you will need a crash course in ITIL training Dallas. After completing your ITIL training Dallas, you will be qualified to take the ITIL certification Dallas. It is important to first go through ITIL training Dallas. It is an excellent time to begin ITIL training Dallas. When you sign up for ITIL certification Dallas, you are taking the initiative to improve your life. The ITIL training Dallas courses fill up fast. You will not want to linger over the decision long.
It has never been easier to sign up for and receive ITIL certification Dallas. First, before receiving you ITIL certification Dallas, you will need a crash course in ITIL training Dallas. After completing your ITIL training Dallas, you will be qualified to take the ITIL certification Dallas. It is important to first go through ITIL training Dallas. It is an excellent time to begin ITIL training Dallas. When you sign up for ITIL certification Dallas, you are taking the initiative to improve your life. The ITIL training Dallas courses fill up fast. You will not want to linger over the decision long.

Ahead of your ITIL certification exam online, there are a few things you’ll need to ensure you’re completely prepared. Firstly, some form of photo identification is required. This can be a passport, government ID, or equivalent. The exam must be taken using a PC, preferably running Windows XP or higher, with at least 500MB of RAM. As you will be connected with one of our proctors during the exam, you will need a webcam with 640×800 resolution. A microphone is required, and it’s recommended you have one that is connected with your webcam. You must have authority to grant access to your computer or screen by the proctor. To guarantee everything goes smoothly throughout both the ITIL Foundation Certification Exam and the course, you will need high speed internet (115kps), and your browser must have Adobe Flash Player installed, ideally Flash Player 10.  So long as these requirements are met, you’re good to go! Thought Rock’s ITIL certification exam online is undeniably the most accredited and valuable program on the market, offering the most extensive range of resources for the least expensive price. Upon completion of the ITIL Foundations Certification you will have a strong awareness and understanding of the key structures and practices of ITIL, opening the door for a highly successful and sought after career in IT Service Management. You will develop a groundwork that simply cannot be attained anywhere else. If you envision a career using your ITSM skills to enhance the efficiency and engagement for major organizations across the globe, then there is no better option than Thought Rock’s ITIL Certification Exam Online.
Service Strategy: This phase focuses on defining services as strategic assets, and then maintaining and implementing a coherent, deliberate strategy. Service strategy principles address business processes, corporate governance and compliance, policies, corporate culture and decision-making, and ensure that the business is geared for service improvement.

The Information Technology Infrastructure Library (ITIL) is the most widely adopted framework of best practices for IT Service Management. As an accredited ITIL Training Provider Approved Training Organization (ATO), Learning Tree offers a complete curriculum of courses that help you gain the knowledge and skills required for specific ITIL Certification exams. Each Learning Tree course offers the related exam in class.
This course is structured along the 5 ITIL lifecycle stages: Service Strategy, Service Design, Service Transition, Service Operation and Continual Service Improvement. This course allows participants to bring positive changes in business, optimize customer experience and contribute to the improvement process of business by implementing ITSM's best practices.

A summary of changes has been published by the UK Government. In line with the 2007 edition, the 2011 edition consists of five core publications – Service Strategy, Service Design, Service Transition, Service Operation, and Continual Service Improvement. ITIL 2011 is an update to the ITIL framework that addresses significant additional guidance with the definition of formal processes which were previously implied but not identified, as well as correction of errors and inconsistencies.

CSI needs upfront planning, training and awareness, ongoing scheduling, roles created, ownership assigned, and activities identified to be successful. CSI must be planned and scheduled as process with defined activities, inputs, outputs, roles and reporting. Continual Service Improvement and Application Performance Management (APM) are two sides of the same coin. They both focus on improvement with APM tying together service design, service transition, and service operation which in turn helps raise the bar of operational excellence for IT.[31]
Starting in 2009,[62] the APM Group, UK, established an ITIL Software Scheme (ISS) which allows IT Service Management software ITSM tool vendors to obtain endorsement through the Cabinet Office for an ITIL-based tool. This endorsement allows vendors to hold a valid ISS trademark licence and use the process compliant ITIL ‘swirl’ logo at a bronze, silver or gold level.
We’ve already discussed why ITIL is critical in today’s IT environment, and why it’s still widely adopted among many IT organizations of all sizes. For these reasons, it’s important that employees within these organizations have a deep understanding of ITIL’s foundations in order to achieve maximum benefits from its implementation. Knowledge and mastery of ITIL is so important in fact, that many organizations are even investing in certification sponsorship programs to help employees get ITIL certified.
ITIL Foundation: This is the entry-level qualification, and covers the basics of ITIL's framework in one training course and exam. It introduces how ITIL can be used to enhance the quality of IT service management within an organisation, and how to become a certified professional. It is perfect for those who work within an organisation that has already adopted the ITIL framework.
So, is it worth the buck? Definitely yes, if you’re able to demonstrate the value of your knowledge in your work. Having spoken to a sizeable number of IT consultants, practitioners, IT agents, I have seen that people who succeed with an ITIL certification are those who have put an effort into earning their certificate, and not just seen it as a way of checking a box for their career. Your goal should be acquiring knowledge and putting it in practice, measuring the impact of your work and not just ‘passing’ the certification.
Also, adoption of ITIL requires an understanding of the ITIL framework and a buy-in from folks at various levels. It’s as much about a cultural shift and embracing change as it is about knowing the best practices in IT service management. Any cultural shift requires you to have a sound understanding of ‘why’ you’re making that change. It’s a strong reason why a certification in ITIL makes sense. It validates that the individual is equipped with the basics like vocabulary, processes, hierarchy, goals, and IT’s alignment with the business. GamingWorks have conducted workshops with more than 4000 organizations around the world and every year for the last 15 years a top scoring ABC (Attitude, Behaviour, Culture) card has been ‘IT has too little understanding of business impact and priority’ – it seems that many do not know the why!
The ITIL Qualification Scheme uses a modular credit system called the ITIL Credit System. All ITIL and ITIL-related qualifications within the ITIL Credit System are assigned a specific credit value. As those credits are applied, the applicant qualifies to test for a higher level of certification. Ultimately, a total of 22 credits is required to achieve ITIL Expert certification. There’s a separate set of requirements for ITIL Master qualification; candidates must already be ITIL Expert certified before they can achieve ITIL Master status.

Many times in your career, it can be a good thing to take a step back and re-evaluate some of your goals and current efforts to see if you need to make any moves or decisions that will affect you in the long-term. Investments like going for a Master’s degree or getting a certification can be scary, because you often just don’t know if you risk wasting time and effort on something that may not be all the beneficial to you in long-run of your professional career.


ICT technical support is the specialist technical function for infrastructure within ICT. Primarily as a support to other processes, both in infrastructure management and service management, technical support provides a number of specialist functions: research and evaluation, market intelligence (particularly for design and planning and capacity management), proof of concept and pilot engineering, specialist technical expertise (particularly to operations and problem management), creation of documentation (perhaps for the operational documentation library or known error database). There are different levels of support under the ITIL structure, these being primary support level, secondary support level and tertiary support level, higher-level administrators being responsible for support at primary level.
For successful adoption of ITIL for your service desk, all the stakeholders need to be on the same page, speak the same language, work towards the same goals by succeeding in iterative and incremental projects. As David Moskowitz puts it, “Adopting ITIL involves a learning process as continual improvement is applied”. A certification indicates that you’re learning, and the knowledge is just a minor component of a successful adoption (or a career in ITSM). Click To Tweet
During this ITIL® Foundation training course, delegates will become familiar with key ITIL® terminology, understand the link between processes and the lifecycle, and will be able to explain service management as a practice. This course will cover the phases of the Service Lifecycle, which provide a sufficient overview of the alliance between IT and business strategy.

Registration fees for ITIL certification exams vary by location, ranging from around $150 to $500. While you can self-study for ITIL exams, coursework is strongly recommended, and fees for classes, whether completed online or in a classroom setting, vary by location and institute. Training can run up from $500 for an online course to well over $1,000 for classroom-based intensive instruction, and training may or may not include exam registration fees.

You can schedule your exam at a Pearson VUE Prometric center that is close to you. Whether you attend training from an ATO or do a self-study, you can go for this option. Pearson VUE has stated that from 2018 onward, you cannot take ITIL Foundation exam from their center. Therefore, if you are planning to take ITIL Exam from Pearson, you may need to buck up!
You'll recognize some familiar terms as well as some new nomenclature incorporated into the ITIL 4 certification scheme. The certification still starts with the ITIL Foundation, and ITIL Master is still the highest level of ITIL certification, but how you get from Foundation to Master now allows two distinct paths, allowing you to choose the certification knowledge areas that best fit your interests and career goals.
The objective of incident management is to restore normal operations as quickly as possible with the least possible impact on either the business or the user, at a cost-effective price. The transformation between event-to-incident is the critical junction where Application Performance Management (APM) and ITIL come together to provide tangible value back to the business.[30]
You can schedule your exam at a Pearson VUE Prometric center that is close to you. Whether you attend training from an ATO or do a self-study, you can go for this option. Pearson VUE has stated that from 2018 onward, you cannot take ITIL Foundation exam from their center. Therefore, if you are planning to take ITIL Exam from Pearson, you may need to buck up!
We believe Cyber Security training should be free, for everyone, FOREVER. Everyone, everywhere, deserves the OPPORTUNITY to learn, begin and grow a career in this fascinating field. Therefore, Cybrary is a free community where people, companies and training come together to give everyone the ability to collaborate in an open source way that is revolutionizing the cyber security educational experience.

Think about the digital services that you use on a daily basis. These were not developed in a vacuum; rather, they were built using an ongoing project management process that took into account not only the objectives of the service, but also the potential issues in developing, delivering and maintaining it. In short, there would have been a huge number of factors to consider.


In 2000/2001, to make ITIL more accessible (and affordable), ITIL Version 2 consolidated the publications into nine logical "sets" that grouped related process-guidelines to match different aspects of IT management, applications and services. The Service Management sets (Service Support and Service Delivery) were by far the most widely used, circulated, and understood of the ITIL Version 2 publications.[citation needed]
The aim of the SDLC process is product-related. Its goal is to create a product that is high-quality, effective, and cost-efficient. After the product is developed, the SDLC maps the implementation of the software into a live environment. The general methodology of the SDLC typically consists of analysis (of both design and specific requirements), construction, testing, release, and then, maintenance. As you can see, the focus is on the software or product. The SDLC is most commonly implemented using an Agile or Waterfall approach.

Since the early 1990s, EXIN and ISEB had been setting up the ITIL based certification program, developing and providing ITIL exams at three different levels: Foundation, Practitioner and Manager. EXIN[50] and BCS/ISEB[51] (the British Computer Society) had from that time onwards been the only two examination providers in the world to develop formally acknowledged ITIL certifications, provide ITIL exams and accredit ITIL training providers worldwide. These rights were obtained from OGC, the British government institution and owner of the ITIL trademark.[citation needed] OGC signed over the management of the ITIL trademark and the accreditation of examination providers to APM Group in 2006. Now, after signing a contract with EXIN,[50] BCS/ISEB, Loyalist Certification Services [1], PeopleCert Group and other certification bodies, APM Group has accredited them as official examination bodies, to offer ITIL exams and accredit ITIL training providers.[citation needed]
You ever hear of the expression “fake it until you make it”? It’s a common confidence-building mantra that helps people take on new challenges that they may not have the most experience in. This mentality is critical for new job roles, however, for the certified ITIL professional, there’s no need to “fake” anything. Your hard work in learning the ropes of ITIL and mastering its certification courses will pay off as you can immediately jump into a new job role with a comfortable understanding of the framework’s implementation, management strategies, and guiding principles.
The ITIL Qualification Scheme uses a modular credit system called the ITIL Credit System. All ITIL and ITIL-related qualifications within the ITIL Credit System are assigned a specific credit value. As those credits are applied, the applicant qualifies to test for a higher level of certification. Ultimately, a total of 22 credits is required to achieve ITIL Expert certification. There’s a separate set of requirements for ITIL Master qualification; candidates must already be ITIL Expert certified before they can achieve ITIL Master status.
The objective of incident management is to restore normal operations as quickly as possible with the least possible impact on either the business or the user, at a cost-effective price. The transformation between event-to-incident is the critical junction where Application Performance Management (APM) and ITIL come together to provide tangible value back to the business.[30]
The service portfolio contains information about the performance of investments in services the service provider manages on behalf of the business. The service portfolio comprises: the pipeline section, which contains the services that are yet to be offered; the service catalogue section, which contains the details of operational services; and the retired section, which contains details of the services that are no longer offered.
Good IT Service Management is about knowing how to integrate these factors into your development process, and this is where ITIL comes in. It covers the entire development lifecycle, from identifying requirements from a business and IT perspective, to designing and creating the solution, to delivering and maintaining the service in a state of continual review and improvement.
PRINCE2® is a registered trade mark of AXELOS Limited, used under permission of AXELOS Limited. All rights reserved. ITIL® is a registered trade mark of AXELOS Limited, used under permission of AXELOS Limited. All rights reserved. MSP® is a registered trade mark of AXELOS Limited, used under permission of AXELOS Limited. All rights reserved. M_o_R® is a registered trade mark of AXELOS Limited, used under permission of AXELOS Limited. All rights reserved. P3O® is a registered trade mark of AXELOS Limited, used under permission of AXELOS Limited. All rights reserved. MoV® is a registered trade mark of AXELOS Limited, used under permission of AXELOS Limited. All rights reserved. P3M3® is a registered trade mark of AXELOS Limited, used under permission of AXELOS Limited. All rights reserved. MoP® is a registered trade mark of AXELOS Limited, used under permission of AXELOS Limited. All rights reserved. IT Infrastructure Library® is a registered trade mark of AXELOS Limited, used under permission of AXELOS Limited. All rights reserved. AXELOS® is a registered trade mark of AXELOS Limited, used under permission of AXELOS Limited. All rights reserved. PRINCE® is a registered trade mark of AXELOS Limited, used under permission of AXELOS Limited. All rights reserved. PRINCE2 Agile® is a registered trade mark of AXELOS Limited, used under permission of AXELOS Limited. All rights reserved. The Swirl logo™ is a trade mark of AXELOS Limited, used under permission of AXELOS Limited. All rights reserved. PMBOK is a registered mark of the Project Management Institute, Inc. PMP is a registered mark of the Project Management Institute, Inc. PMI is a registered mark of the Project Management Institute, Inc. The PMI Registered Education Provider logo is a registered mark of the Project Management Institute, Inc. The APMG International AgilePM and Swirl Device logo is a trademark of The APM Group Limited, used under permission of The APM Group Limited. All rights reserved. AgilePM® is a registered trademark of Dynamic Systems Development Method Ltd. All rights reserved. The APMG International Better Business Cases and Swirl Device logo is a trademark of The APM Group Limited. All rights reserved. Better Business Cases™ is a trademark of Her Majesty's Treasury. All rights reserved. The APMG International Change Management and Swirl Device logo is a trademark of The APM Group Limited, used under permission of The APM Group Limited. All rights reserved. APMG International Change Management is a trademark of The APM Group Limited. All rights reserved. The APMG International Finance for Non-Financial Managers and Swirl Device logo is a trademark of The APM Group Limited, used under permission of The APM Group Limited. All rights reserved. APMG International Finance for Non-Financial Managers is a trademark of The APM Group Limited. All rights reserved. The APMG International Managing Benefits and Swirl Device is a trademark of The APM Group Limited, used under permission of The APM Group Limited. All rights reserved. APMG International Managing Benefits is a trademark of The APM Group Limited. All rights reserved. The APMG International PPS and Swirl Device is a trademark of The APM Group Limited, used under permission of The APM Group Limited. All rights reserved. APMG International PPS is a trademark of The APM Group Limited. All rights reserved. Microsoft is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation in the United States and/or other countries. CAPM is a registered mark of the Project Management Institute, Inc. Praxis Framework™ is a trademark of Praxis Framework Limited. All rights reserved. APMG International Project Planning & Control is a trademark of The APM Group Limited, All rights reserved. The APMG International Project Planning & Control and Swirl Device is a trademark of The APM Group Limited, used under permission of The APM Group Limited. All rights reserved. ​
This official ITIL Foundation certification course provides you with a general overview of the IT Service Management Lifecycle which is outlined in ITIL’s five core books – Service Strategy, Service Design, Service Transition, Service Operation and Continual Service Improvement. ITIL’s “service lifecycle” consists of 26 processes and four functions.
×